Country reports on Occupational Safety and Health in Turkey

Demiral, Y., Ergör, A., Baydur, H. (2010) - Occupational Safety & Health in EASTern Europe NETworking

Country reports on occupational safety and health in Turkey. 9
Turkey is a middle-income country. Its economy is currently in transition from a high degree of reliance on agriculture and industrial economy to a globalized services sector. Turkish economy has begun to open economy in the 1980s. The largest industrial sector is textiles and clothing, which accounts for one-third of industrial employment. GDP growth has been exceeded 6% for many years, but this expansion has interrupted by a sharp decline after 2001 economic depression in which GNP fell 9.5%. During another depression wave in 2008-2009, Turkey faced an rapid increase in unemployment.